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Evacuation chair safety guidelines

A Comprehensive Guide on Properly Using an Evacuation Chair

Introduction: In emergency situations, ensuring the safety and well-being of all individuals is paramount. Evacuation chairs are invaluable devices designed to assist people with mobility impairments during such situations. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on the proper usage of the chairs, empowering individuals and organizations to effectively navigate emergency situations.

  1. Understanding Evacuation Chairs: The chairs are specially designed devices that enable safe and efficient transport of individuals with limited mobility during emergencies. These chairs typically feature a sturdy frame, secure straps, and wheels for smooth movement. Before utilizing a chair, it is crucial to become familiar with its components and functionalities. Manufacturers’ instructions should be carefully reviewed to understand any specific guidelines or limitations.
  2. Preparing for an Emergency: Prior to an emergency, it is essential to ensure that any chairs are readily accessible, strategically placed, and regularly maintained. Conducting drills and training sessions can help familiarize staff and potential users with the chair’s operation. Educating individuals about the chair’s purpose and instilling confidence in its usage can make a significant difference during high-stress situations.
  3. Assessing the Situation: During an emergency, a quick assessment of the situation is crucial to determine the need for evacuation chairs. Identify individuals with mobility limitations who may require assistance and prioritize their safety. It is important to communicate calmly, providing clear instructions to ensure everyone understands the emergency exit plan and their role in the process.
  4. Proper Usage Techniques:
    1. Approach with Care: When assisting someone into an evacuation chair, approach them with empathy and patience. Explain the process clearly, and always obtain their consent before initiating any physical contact.
    2. Secure Properly: Ensure the individual is comfortably positioned in the chair, with their back against the backrest. Secure the straps across their chest, waist, and legs, avoiding excessive tightening while maintaining a snug fit. The individual should be able to breathe comfortably and have their feet resting on the footrest.
    3. Staircase Navigation: If encountering stairs during the exit route, use the appropriate technique based on the chair’s design. Some chairs feature tracks, enabling a controlled descent or ascent, while others require the assistance of additional trained personnel to lift and carry the chair up or down the stairs.
    4. Controlled Movement: Maintain a firm grip on the handles and utilize the chair’s wheels for smooth and controlled movement. Avoid sudden turns or jerky motions to ensure the safety and comfort of the individual in the chair.
  5. Regular Training and Maintenance: To ensure continued effectiveness, all chairs should be inspected regularly to identify any signs of wear or damage. Staff responsible for operating the chairs should undergo periodic training and refresher courses to maintain proficiency in their usage. This proactive approach will help mitigate potential risks during emergencies.


Proper utilization of evac chairs is a vital aspect of emergency preparedness. By understanding the chair’s functionality, conducting regular training, and following the outlined techniques, individuals and organizations can effectively navigate emergency situations, ensuring the safety and well-being of those with mobility impairments.

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